The '''Gukurahundi''' (Shona language|Shona
: "the early rain which washes away the chaff
before the spring rains"
[Nyarota, Geoffrey. ''Against the Grain''. Page 134.]
) was the suppression of Zimbabwean civilians, mostly supporters of Joshua Nkomo
, by Zimbabwe's Zimbabwean Fifth Brigade|5th Brigade
in the predominantly Northern Ndebele people|Ndebele
regions of Zimbabwe
. A few hundred disgruntled former Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army
(ZIPRA) combatants waged armed banditry against the civilians in Matabeleland
, and destroyed government installations.
[[http://www.archive.org/download/BreakingTheSilenceBuildingTruePeace/MatabelelandReport.pdf Breaking the Silence, Building True Peace, Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace in Zimbabwe]]
In response, the North-Korean-trained Fifth Brigade executed an estimated 20,000 civilians. The violence ended after the Zimbabwe African...